**a number exceeds another number by 5. The sum of the numbers is 19. find the smaller number?**

A. 5

B. 6

C. 7

D. 12

**C. 7**

Let one of the numbers be “x”; then the other is “x+5”.

Equation:

x + x+5 = 19

2x = 14

x = 7 (the 1st number)

x+5 = 12 (the other number)